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Biodiversity conservation and community development in Transylvania
Conservarea biodiversităţii şi dezvoltare comunitară în Transilvania


Although this ancient and special landscape remains substantially intact, the whole area is extremely fragile. Application of artificial fertilizers would seriously damage or destroy many of the wildflower meadows, allowing coarse or vigorous grasses to invade.

Research has identified a number of the most frequent and substantial threats to wild plants and animals and their habitats in the Saxon Villages, which must be addressed in conservation strategies for the area.
  • Intensification of grassland management, with nutrient over-enrichment by fertilizers or high stocking rates, or over-grazing, especially by sheep.
  •  Abandonment or reduction of traditional land management practices such as mowing or scrub clearance.
threats  village flock

  • Unsustainable forestry practices such as clear-felling with loss of tree cover, or planting with exotic trees.
  • Drainage or alteration of the small surviving wetlands.
  • Further spread of invasive weeds, especially aggressive alien species such as Japanese Knotweed.
  • Unsuitable infrastructure development for tourism or industry.
  • Unsustainable collection of medicinal plants or other wild species.
  • Loss of ruderal plants around villages, including medicinal herbs and other species of economic or cultural value.
  • Climate change, perhaps with increased drought.
  • Lack of public knowledge and information about the rich ecological and cultural value of the area.


Biodiversity in the area

Flora and Fauna





 Agri-environment image

These traditionally-farmed districts are fragile and require specific conservation measures if their precious heritage is to survive.
Sponsorul Oficial - Fundația Orange România