ADEPT The Târnava Mare area may be the largest area in lowland Europe with extensive tracts of ancient landscape, intact villages and associated traditional agriculture.
Both fauna and flora are outstanding. The area possesses not only Europe’s most extensive non-alpine hay-meadows, with an astonishing diversity of wildflowers, but also the continent’s last lowland bears and wolves.
Scientists confirmed that some dry grassland types in the area have the highest species diversity recorded in any plant community worldwide and remarked the outstanding extent, diversity, and conservation status of the grasslands compared to European standards. These communities represent an impressive and highly valuable part of Europe’s natural heritage that need stronger conservation efforts, in particular as many of them are threatened by land use changes. Landscape-scale conservation of the Târnava Mare area is required to prevent fragmentation of the extensive, rich, inter-dependent habitats.