Under the project, the provider (Fundația ADEPT Transilvania) provided research and development services and related consultancy services as follows:
- methodology development
- data collection, selection and sampling
- data analysis and interpretation
The methodology for monitoring the species of plants on the High Nature Value grasslands in Romania was developed together with the specialists: detailed maps, land records, database where the collected data will be entered, setting up the guidelines for completing the database and the land evaluation form.
Elaboration of documents containing information on indicator species, in terms of natural value and correlation with the use of agricultural land. Land monitoring records have been adapted to biogeographical areas and different types of management, taking into account the diversity of flora species and the characteristics of plant associations at national level. Two types of documents have been developed: informative brochures and scientific papers: brochures addressed to general public (especially farmers), using simplified language, and more compressed information, while scientific papers contain more information and technical terms. For ecological indicator species and indicator management species, scientific papers and related brochures were prepared.
Training the staff involved in collecting raw data on the ground. 28 experts were trained in field monitoring activities and various materials needed to conduct fieldwork.
Performing on-site monitoring activities (gathering raw data on the ground, entering them in the database and centralizing data).
The total HNV area was evaluated and the possibility of using a grid corresponding to a standard sampling design was probed. Using GIS techniques and starting from the base layer on land use, the condition being represented by CORINE Land Cover 2006 (European Environmental Agency), habitats of no interest were removed resulting in a target habitat area of 27,273 km2. This habitat is distributed unevenly within the HNV territory, which is why, alongside the raised surface, a randomised sampling design becomes the ideal solution. The selection of 700 sampling points was made on the basis of the area of the study area and the spatial distribution of the favorable habitat polygons. This distribution is important and has been analyzed including altitude classes.
An analysis of data available at European level on the availability of data for indicator species has been carried out. A comparison was made between field data and existing data and a scientific report on the conservation status of the indicator species and on other relevant criteria was developed.
Developing recommendations for increasing the efficiency of the agri-environment measures and packages aimed at preserving priority species or habitats specific to permanent grasslands. Technical datasheets for 3 agri-environmental packages were prepared according to current legislative requirements and those that were accepted for 2014-2020. At the same time, the list of areas eligible for packages (P9, P10 and P11) was prepared.
Under the present project, 90 species were monitored (82 species for ecological indicator species and 8 species for management species). In addition, 9 species for environmental indicators (6 species as a result of fieldwork and 3 species as a result of the documents review done by the scientific staff) and 3 species for management indicators were identified. We mention some of the monitored species: Ononis spinosa, Pimpinella saxifraga, Knautiaarvensis, Leontodon hispidus, Plantago media, Briza media, Thymus serpyllum, Veronica austriaca, Leucanthemum vulgare, Dianthis carthusianorum, Trifolium montanum, Polygala major, Linum catharticum, Primula veris, Origanum vulgare, Prunella grandiflora, Viola hirta, Lathyrus pratensis, Succisa pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis, Serratula tinctoria, Clinopodium vulgare