Farming in the area: High Nature Value (HNV) landscapes
Târnava Mare is a typical High Nature Value (HNV) landscape – an important concept for biodiversity conservation, which emphasizes that:
- man-made or semi-natural landscapes often have higher biodiversity, or natural richness, than wilderness areas, and are just as worthy of conservation effort
- HNV farmland (HNVF) is often found outside defined protected areas
- active local support is essential to the success of protecting HNVF landscapes.
The need for conservation measures to be designed with local consultation, to ensure ‘buy-in’ by local communities, is especially great in economic landscapes such as HNVF. Local benefits will be persuasive. Measures to protect high biodiversity landscapes on which people depend for a living must be linked to local prosperity, or they will fail.
HNV landscapes are fragile. Application of artificial fertilizers would seriously damage or destroy the wildflower meadows, allowing coarse or vigorous grasses to invade.
The most substantial threats to wild plants and animals and their habitats in HNV landscapes are:
- intensification of grassland management, with nutrient over-enrichment by fertilizers or high stocking rates, or over-grazing, especially by sheep
- abandonment of land and cessation of traditional land management practices such as mowing or scrub clearance.