A growing weight of evidence on the progress of grassland conservation across Europe indicates a steady decline in grassland habitat extent and quality, in grassland diversity, and in wildlife associated with grasslands including butterflies.

Various reasons have been proposed for this decline including European policy (especially CAP) and the failure of the biodiversity conservation elements (specifically agri-environment) within the rural development axes to address the threats. Intensification of farmland and development of transport, housing and industry have also been cited in terms of the fragmentation of habitat.

In spite of considerable state- and NGO-sector involvement in implementation of national and EU environmental legislation in many member states, decline continues unabated. The objectives of the 2010 countdown initiative are not being met.

ADEPT is carrying out monitoring of the negative effects of the above factors, and positive effects of agri-environment schemes, Fundatia ADEPT has identified indicator wild flower and butterfly species. The role of habitat scale, mosaic management and connectivity as positive factors for species conservation, will be contrasted to loss in habitat area, quality and fragmentation leading to species loss, will be observed.

ADEPT is managing experimental management plots under EU LIFE Aquila pomerine project, as well as monitoring of sites restored under the EU LIFE STIPA project.


Monitoring of the area

We are the only European partner of Operation Wallacea, which brings schoolchildren and university students to sites around the world for long-term monitoring of important natural areas. Operation Wallacea are carrying out biodiversity and socio-economic monitoring in the Târnava Mare area, over 150 students visiting per year, working with Romanian university students. This will build up valuable long-term data about the evolution of the area. Read more about Operation Wallacea project.

Related Projects

RBAPS - Results-Based Payments for Biodiversity: A New Pilot Agri-Environment Scheme for the Tarnava Mare and Pogány Havas Regions

A “results-based” agri-environment scheme which is targeted at High Nature Value hay meadows, rewarding practical management that produces good quality hay and protects wild species.
Funded by: DT Enviroment Brussels
Project Duration: 2016 - 2019 (3 years)

Research: identification and conservation of the habitats and species of Târnava Mare as a model for European conservation Romania

Studies necessary to justify protection for Târnava Mare site.
Funded by: UK Darwin Initiative and Orange Romania
Project Duration: 2004 - 2007 (4 years)

STACCATO - SusTaining AgriCultural ChAnge Through ecological engineering and Optimal use of natural resources

Focus on the analysis and evaluation of Ecosystem Services (ESS), both in isolation and in concert, and their sensitivity to land use patterns in agriculturally dominated landscapes
Funded by: a BiodivERsA funded EU project
Project Duration: 2014 - 2018 (4 years)

Târnava Mare SCI: Saving Transylvania’s Important Pastoral Ecosystem (STIPA)

Improvement of the conservation status of Sighișoara-Târnava Mare SCI Natura 2000 site, a priority dry grassland habitat.
Funded by: the LIFE+ Nature and Biodiversity Programme of the European Union and Fundația Orange
Project Duration: 2011 - 2014 (3 years)

Wild Flower Europe – Celebrating rural cultures and landscape

Celebrating artistic and cultural diversity in rural communities and promoting this diversity in Europe
Funded by: DG Culture - European Commission
Project Duration: 2012 - 2014 (2 years)

Our Strategic Partners

Biodiversity conservation and community development in Transylvania